The Costa Smeralda is located within that sub-region of Sardinia known as Gallura, where the untainted landscape provides a stunning natural backdrop to thousands of years of history.
Myriad archaeological remains bear witness to the presence in the area of megalithic cultures (such as the culture of Arzachena) even many centuries before the advent of the nuragic culture – the long-established emblem of the regional identity.
The history of Sardinia is commonly associated with the nuragic culture, to which imposing testaments are scattered all across the island. They are the ancient inheritance of a highly developed and architecturally advanced society that remains, however, very much shrouded in mystery.
For millennia, Gallura has been acultural crossroads and a meeting point for different peoples, without ever losing its most authentic characteristics. Proof positive of this is provided by the so-called "stazzi": large, regular granite structures that, for centuries, symbolised the rural life of the shepherds and farmers of the area.
Particularly important over the years has been the influence of the Corsican people, whose imprint is still evident in the local dialect.
"La Prisgiona" is an archaeological area in the Capichera district near Arzachena, famed above all for its vineyards. The nuraghe, which features a tholos (dome-shaped) structure, is located above an ancient village, dating most probably from the Bronze Age. Considered the extension of the site and its characteristics, the nuraghe is one of the most impressive and best-preserved structures in all of Gallura. Amongst the elements of greatest importance are the well, used to supply water, and the hut known as the "meeting place", because it is considered by academics to have been the venue favoured by the most prominent members of the community.
Situated near to the"La Prisgiona" nuraghe, the Tomb of the Giants owes its name to the imposing complex of local granite blocks that surrounds the burial site. The funerary corridor (it is referred to as a "tunnel-shaped" tomb) extends within an articulated structure, probably constructed in multiple stages. Indeed, the semi-circular exedra, within which there rises a majestic, 4-metre-tall stela, dates from a later period.
The Li Muri necropolis is a small archaeological site featuring a series of stone houses surrounded by stones arranged in a circle around the site. Given the structure of the cells (intended to house just a single person) and the arrangement of the various elements, it is plausible that these tombs were intended for those of high social standing.
This nuraghe is located behind a granite outcrop, which conditions its general architecture. The composition of the internal spaces, located across several stories, and of the supporting structures, places this nuraghe in the "mixed system" category. The quantity and quality of the objects discovered provide evidence of a simple society, with an economy based on pastoralism and farming.
The tomb has numerous similarities to the Tomb of the Giants and it, too, betrays gradual development over time. At an early stage, it is possible that the tomb was constituted by a single "cist" structure, before being expanded by the creation of an exedra. Still intact are the stones that delineated the perimeter, including the stunning central stela.