The whole is Sardinia is something of a trove of time-honoured treasures, which have succeeded in retaining their unmistakable sense of authenticity. From traditional Mediterranean costumes to gourmet specialities, the island’s culture has always been a fundamental part of its history and its identity
Ancient expertise is passed down across the generations, carefully safeguarded and exhibited with pride. One of the cornerstones of Sardinian craftsmanship is the working of cork, an organic material derived from the bark of trees such as oak. The untainted natural environment and the Mediterranean climate help to create the ideal conditions for the production of renowned wines (such as Cannonau and Vermentino) and high-quality olive oils, which are appreciated the world over. The island’s rich, varied culinary culture includes such specialities as hand-made pasta (Culurgiones andMaccarones de busa), salami, desserts and cheeses, always served up with a warm sense of hospitality
On feast days, folk dances animate the city’s squares with brightly coloured traditional costumes, embellished yet further by the masks of the Mamuthonesand the Issohadores – emblems of the eternal battle between good and evil. It is, then, a place with a strong identity, which is also expressed linguistically; indeed, Sardinian is not just a dialect but a bona fide language, distinct from Italian.
In the Gallura area, in particular, the locals still speakgallurese, which is based on the combination ofsardo lugudorese and the language spoken on the nearby island of Corsica, encapsulating in a highly tangible form the flourishing cultural exchange that, in the past, was very much a part of the life and development of these neighbouring civilisations.